Photographing Wildlife in the South Texas Brush Country

South Texas Wildlife: Reflection photo of Mexican Ground Squirrel drinking water at edge of pond by Jeff Parker.

Mexican Ground Squirrel

The desolate landscape of the South Texas Brush Country doesn’t look like much, but it percolates with life. In fact, while many of the worlds other destinations lose species, its biodiversity makes it one of North America’s best places for wildlife photography. It’s surely one of my favorites and I invite you to make it one of yours!

Make your journey especially fruitful with these “Five W’s of South Texas Wildlife Photography”:


With your first glance at the South Texas Brush County you’ll swear—just as Spanish explorers did in the 1500s—that you’ve arrived in a barren no-man’s-land. The acacia-ridden, thorny landscape seems bereft of life. But, in this case, looks truly deceive!

Harris’s Hawks dot landscapes and skies everywhere here. These white and rufous colored birds are North America’s only raptors known to engage in cooperative hunting, usually in pairs or trios. Another photogenic South-Texas raptor is the Crested Caracara. Get great action shots as these falcon-family members battle it out with Turkey Vultures over carrion meals.

South Texas Wildlife: Harris's Hawk with wings spread and talons open in ready to capture its prey by Jeff Parker.

Harris’s Hawk

Over 450 species of birds migrate through South Texas each winter, many of them songbirds. Come summer, Painted Buntings bring beautiful tunes and rainbow colorations. You also have the chance to photograph year-round beauties such as: Green Jays, Roadrunners, Great Kiskadees, Northern Cardinals, Pyrrhuloxias, Couch’s Kingbirds, Screech Owls, Chachalacas, Vermilion Flycatchers, Altamira Orioles, Curved-bill Thrashers, Cactus Wrens, Black-throated Sparrows, and White-winged Doves.

Coyotes make great photography subjects, too. Listen for their evening howls, which often signal to family-group members that time’s come to reunite after a stint of individual hunting. The canines come out during the daytime, too, and photo ops can abound at various photo ranches.

South Texas Wildlife: Coyote standing on the edge of a path in the Brush Country by Jeff Parker.


The giant—but gentle—Texas Indigo snake calls the Brush Country home, too, sometimes at lengths of up to 9-feet. Unless you’re a rattler—a favorite meal—you won’t consider this state threatened-species aggressive.

And, of course, come also to photograph a special South-Texas legend – the Javelina (“have-ah-leena”). These nearly-blind Collared Peccaries rely heavily on their sense of smell and one another as they travel in herds.

South Texas Wildlife: Texas Indigo Snake curled around a cactus by Jeff Parker.

Texas Indigo Snake
Learn from Jeff about
Photographing Snakes in the Wild.

South Texas Wildlife: Javelina mother and babies in field of flowers by Jeff Parker.

Be sure to read Jeff’s article on
Best Ways to Photograph Javelinas.

Don’t forget when you’re out and about to keep an eye out for Jackrabbits and Mexican Ground Squirrels (lead photo). They have adapted well to the heat and landscape within the Brush Country. Be ready though, as they can move quickly.

South Texas Wildlife: Portrait of a Greater Roadrunner by Jeff Parker.

Greater Roadrunner

South Texas Wildlife: Portrait of a Jackrabbit in early morning light by Jeff Parker.



Scientists classify South Texas as a “semi-arid, sub-tropical” region. The result? Lots of biodiversity, a large number of bird species living at the far northern edges of their ranges, and warm weather most of the time.

South Texas winters bring occasional cold snaps, but they never last long. Overall, precipitation is sparse and unpredictable, although, since the region lies close to the Gulf of Mexico, late summer and/or fall can bring periods of heavy rain if a tropical system makes landfall.

By late May temperatures turn hot (around 100°F/38°C). While that’s bad news for most humans, it’s good news for wildlife photographers because the animals grow more active.

South Texas Wildlife: Caracara bird with wings spread as it flies in to land by Jeff Parker.



While South Texas has plenty of amazing mammals and interesting reptiles, its primary photographic subject is its birds. Most of those known as “South Texas Specialties” are the year-round residents I noted above. However, spring migration dramatically boosts the number of species on which you can focus, especially along the coast.

Peak migration occurs in mid-April and a fall-out on the coast can bring a marvelous photographic experience. By the end of April the summer breeders, such as Painted Buntings, Varied Buntings, and Scissor-tailed Flycatchers have arrived.

The best photography occurs when the animals are hot and thirsty. They flock to water to drink and cool off. Painted Buntings, in particular, really like their baths! This makes late-May and June prime time for South Texas Brush Country photography. But prepare yourself for the heat! When the animals are hot and thirsty, you are too! If heat gives you trouble, April to early-May will work better, but temperatures will still be on the very-warm side.

South Texas Wildlife: The rainbow colored Painted Bunting bathing at water's edge by Jeff Parker.

Painted Bunting


South Texas is blessed with several parks and preserves for birds and other wildlife. However, if your goal is photography rather than observation, I highly recommend one of the private ranches set up for photography. These private lands have blinds designed specifically for photography. They take into account factors like light direction, backgrounds, interesting perches, and water features. You’ll see birds and animals within 20-feet of you, going about their lives in full view of your lens. Many photo ranches even have specially created raptor blinds.

Ranches charge by the day and, while rates vary, all ranches that I know of include both a morning and an evening shoot. Many also include a guide. It’s worth paying the fee; believe me! Not only are you supporting private land owners who support biodiversity, but you’re getting a superior photography experience. Bottom line: In my opinion, South Texas photo ranches offer one of the best opportunities in the United States today for the wildlife photographer.

If you do decide to go public, I recommend one of Texas’ nine World Birding Centers since there you’ll also get to learn about the local avian species. But keep in mind that these places aren’t designed for photographers. Instead, they’re created for viewing birds. Backgrounds, set-ups, and lighting will be inferior—though, that doesn’t mean you won’t get some keepers.

South Texas Wildlife: The yellow, black, brown, and white Kiskadee bird catching an insect while perched on a branch by Jeff Parker.



I suggest you bring a big lens to South Texas for two reasons. The first has to do with what you’ll be photographing: primarily small birds. The second reason is because of where you’ll be photographing. Chances are if you head to South Texas to do photography you’ll make at least one trip to a photo ranch and take advantage of their special set-ups. There you’ll need at least a 500mm to get the keepers you want to take home and show off.

Whether you decide to pursue images at a photo ranch or a World Birding Center, you can get satisfactory results with a 400mm. However, I promise you, you’ll be happier with a 500mm or even larger. Little bitty birds are best photographed with great big lenses!

South Texas Wildlife: A Green Jay perched on branch by Jeff Parker.

Green Jay

You will need a tripod to support that big lens. Tripods make for better images no matter what type of photography you enjoy, but trying to hand-hold a super telephoto nearly guarantees a less than sharp result.

I prefer a gimbal style head on my tripod. With a gimbal head you can balance your rig so that it stays in any position when you let go of it. I don’t work with a ball head because with it, you run the risk of your lens flopping over as soon as you take your hands off.

Think of the clothing you pack for the South Texas Brush Country as part of your gear as well. I consider a hat, sunscreen, and water “musts” when photographing here. Most photo ranches keep an ice box stocked with water in their photo blinds. Drink water whether or not you feel thirsty as it’s easy to grow dehydrated quickly with such high temperatures.

When it comes to field work, I don’t recommend shorts as most vegetation bears thorns. On that note, shoes should have thick soles.

Tennis shoes don’t protect well enough considering that the average mesquite thorn measures nearly 1-inch long (about 3 centimeters).

South Texas will welcome you with open arms, so come on down and enjoy a photography experience of a lifetime.

by Jeff Parker
All text & photos: © 2013 Jeff Parker Images. All rights reserved.

All written content (and most images) in these articles are copyrighted by the authors. Copyrighted material from Apogee Photo Mag should not be used elsewhere without seeking the authors permission.

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